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# 4.0 GPA Scale

When you’re applying to colleges, you start to hear about how important your GPA is a lot. But what is a GPA? What about the 4.0 GPA Scale? Or the 5.0 GPA Scale? Which one does your school use? All of these questions and more pop up when you start looking at college applications. To learn more about what the 4.0 and 5.0 GPA scales are and how you can improve your GPA; be sure to keep reading.

What’s a GPA?

When you’re in high school, your teachers probably assess your homework and tests by giving you a letter grade or a percentage. But when college admissions officers needs to evaluate your academic performance, those letters and percentages can be misleading. That’s because how your teacher evaluates your homework or tests differs from how another teacher at another school evaluates another student’s work.

GPA stands for grade point average and is a more universal way for your academic performance to be shown. Each letter and percentile has a corresponding number of points assigned to it, which is how your GPA is figured out.

To calculate your GPA, you need to know how many classes you took each year and the grades you got on them. By dividing these two numbers, you arrive at your GPA. Let’s explore the two scales high schools use for your grades: the 4.0 GPA scale and the 5.0 GPA scale.

What’s the 4.0 GPA Scale?

This is more commonly known as the unweighted GPA system, because it treats all of your classes equally, regardless of difficulty. Unless your high school says otherwise, it’s safe to assume that this is the GPA scale used.

 Letter Grade Percentile Standard GPA A+ 97-100 4.0 A 93-96 4.0 A- 90-92 3.7 B+ 87-89 3.3 B 83-86 3.0 B- 80-82 2.7 C+ 77-79 2.3 C 73-76 2.0 C- 70-72 1.7 D+ 67-69 1.3 D 65-66 1.0 F Below 65 0.0

What is the 5.0 GPA Scale?

You’ll hear about this as the weighted GPA. It’s unique, because unlike the unweighted GPA, it gives a point boost to the honors, AP, and IB classes you take. The difference is easy to see when you compare the two and it translates to higher grades on your report card.

 Letter Grade Percentile Honors GPA AP/IB GPA A+ 97-100 4.5 5.0 A 93-96 4.5 5.0 A- 90-92 4.2 4.7 B+ 87-89 3.8 4.3 B 83-86 3.5 4.0 B- 80-82 3.2 3.7 C+ 77-79 2.8 3.3 C 73-76 2.5 3.0 C- 70-72 2.2 2.7 D+ 67-69 1.8 2.3 D 65-66 1.5 2.0 F Below 65 0.0 0.0

Because your GPA is a quick and easy way for college admissions officers to determine your academic performance, knowing which GPA scale your school uses is important. It helps you assess the value of advanced courses and determine how well you’ll need to do in them to significantly boost your GPA. Your GPA can even be used to determine your eligibility for scholarships and grants. This number is critical to your college success!

That being said, it’s completely normal if you need to boost your GPA and I’m going to share with you some strategies about how you can do just that.